What is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy?

We see the world as it is, not as it is. In our eyes there is a spectacle of our own perceptions.

This is caused by the influence of perceptions, temperament, family and environmental factors. Everyone perceives himself / herself and events from his point of view. Everyone’s psychological goggles are different. Cognitive Behavior Therapy is intended to change this perspective. This is done based on mental processes. It uses the experiences (learning) and evaluates every event. In this method of therapy, learning in the brain changes through new connections. It aims to establish new connections, and when new connections are established in the brain, emotions and behaviors related to it also change. That is, when our thoughts change, our emotions change when our feelings change. In this method of therapy we create a new learning. This is the cognitive part of therapy; exercises related to new learning are given, homework is given about it, this is the behavior part.

HISTORY

In the early 1960s, Aoron Beck developed a form of psychotherapy called ”cognitive therapy A. Ir Cognitive therapy ”is now used in the same sense as ı cognitive behavior therapy terap by a large number of those working in the field. Beck designed a psychotherapy that was structured for depression, short-term, davranış present-time-oriented ”and aimed at resolving existing problems and changing dysfunctional (and inaccurate and / or helpless) thinking and behavior.

In all forms of cognitive behavior therapy from the Beck model; treatment is based on a cognitive formulation, behavioral strategies that characterize a particular disorder, and beliefs. The therapist seeks various ways of making cognitive changes in the patient’s thinking and belief system to create emotional and behavioral changes.

What Is Theory?

The cognitive model argues that dysfunctional thought (which affects the patient’s mood and behavior) is common in all psychological disorders. When people learn to evaluate their thoughts in a more realistic way, they experience an improvement in their mood and behavior.

Cognitive therapists are working at a deeper level of cognition about the patients’ self-development, their basic beliefs (worthlessness, inadequacy) worlds, and other people. More durable changes are created by changing the underlying dysfunctional beliefs. For example, if you always underestimate your abilities, you may have an underlying belief of inadequacy. Changing this basic belief (for example, seeing yourself in a more realistic position of having strengths and weaknesses) can change your perception of the special situations you face on a daily basis. Now you don’t have many thoughts about the theme. In I can’t do anything right. Iniz Instead, in certain situations where you make a mistake, you’ll probably think,. I’m not good at it ”.

The basic principles of cognitive therapy are:

Cognitive behavior therapy is based on the formulation of patient problems that always arise and the conceptualization of each patient in cognitive terms.

Cognitive behavior therapy requires a robust therapeutic agreement.

Cognitive behavior therapy emphasizes cooperation and active participation.

Cognitive behavior therapy is goal-oriented and problem-oriented.

Cognitive behavior therapy initially emphasizes.

Cognitive behavior therapy is a trainer, which aims to teach the patient to be his / her own therapist and prevent recurrence.

The goals of cognitive behavior therapy are limited in time.

Cognitive behavior therapy sessions are structured.

Cognitive behavior therapy teaches patients to identify, evaluate and respond to their corrupt thoughts and beliefs.

Cognitive behavior therapy uses a variety of techniques to change thought, mood, and behavior.

What The Research Says?

Cognitive behavior therapy has been extensively tested since its first outcome study was published in 1977. At this point, the results obtained from more than 500 long-term scientific studies; he has proven the effectiveness of cognitive behavior therapy for a wide range of medical problems including psychiatric disorders, psychological problems, and psychological components. And in a lot of research; In the treatment of various disorders, cognitive behavior has proven to be neurobiological changes associated with therapy results. In particular, phobia, depression, generalized anxiety disorder, panic attack is a very effective therapy. The group is also used in pairs and family therapies.

You can contact the therapist for a session immediately.

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